Omissions? 3. Piperaceae. … Piper nigrum L…. Cinnamon. Most Chinese Cinnamon probably stays in China, used in many of the Chinese medications for coughs, phlegm and other illnesses. Various related species are also cultivated as a source of cinnamon spice, including Chinese cassia (Cinnamomum cassia), Vietnamese, or Saigon, cinnamon (C. loureiroi), Indonesian cinnamon (C. burmannii), and Malabar cinnamon (C. citriodorum). Cinnamon is used as a spice and aromatic. [5] Sri Lanka still produces 80–90%[6] of the world's supply of C. verum, which is also cultivated on a commercial scale in the Seychelles and Madagascar. The spice, consisting of the dried inner bark, is brown in colour and has a delicately fragrant aroma and a warm sweet flavour. Although the inner bark of several other Cinnamomum species is also used to make cinnamon, cinnamon from C. verum is considered by culinarians to be of superior quality. Evidence is lacking to support the use of cinnamon in the management of diabetes… Vernacular name: Jira, Sanskrit— Ajaj, Ajajika, Telugu— Jilakarra . The viscosity is medium to watery. Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum that is used in both sweet and savoury foods. The small bisexual flowers are greenish to yellow and are borne in clusters. While part of the Cassia Cinnamon family it tends to be more pungent, less sweet and slightly bitter. Cinnamon, (Cinnamomum verum), also called Ceylon cinnamon, bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) and the spice derived from its bark. The peels are telescoped one into another, forming a quill about 107 cm (42 inches) long and filled with trimmings of the same quality bark to maintain a cylindrical shape. CEYLON CINNAMON Yams are native to warmer regions of both hemispheres, and several species are cultivated as staple food crops in the tropics. Administered to the recovering and the ailing, the plant is said to stoke the fires of life. Uses: 1. In a word: All-in-one Pharmacy Plant. (cinnamon) is one of the species belonging to the Lauraceae (laurel family). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Use it like you would traditional cinnamon. Later it was the most profitable spice in the Dutch East India Company trade. The aroma and flavour of cinnamon derive from its essential oil and principal component, cinnamaldehyde, as well as numerous other constituents including eugenol. [3] Although the inner bark of several other Cinnamomum species is also used to make cinnamon, cinnamon from C. verum is considered by culinarians to be of superior quality. The trees grow as leafy bushes, usually maxing out about 3 meters (10 ft) in height. Small side branches (1.5-5 cm in diameter) are removed from the trees. 2. Essential oil is distilled from the bark fragments for use in food, liqueur, perfume, and drugs. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/cinnamon, The World's Healthiest Foods - Cinnamon, ground, Healthline - 10 Evidence-Based Health Benefits of Cinnamon, National Center for Biotechnology Information - PubMed Central - Cinnamon: A Multifaceted Medicinal Plant. Cinnamomum verum (Ceylon cinnamon) and Cinnamomum aromaticum (Cassia cinnamon or Chinese cinnamon) are commonly used. Scientific Name: Cinnamomum zeylanicum. Common Name: Cinnamon Scientific Name: Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Other Names: Cassia. This was about 33% of all the recorded Cinnamon's in the USA. Gut Distress. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. There are many other similar trees that belong to the same family, Lauraceae (Click hereto look at other organisms in this family). Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class It is used for seasoning soups and stews. ", "International trade in non-wood forest products: An overview", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cinnamomum_verum&oldid=968998765, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 July 2020, at 19:46. Family: Osmundaceae – Royal Fern family Genus: Osmunda L. – osmunda Species: Osmunda cinnamomea L. – cinnamon fern Ardeidae. Native to Ceylon (Sri Lanka), true cinnamon, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, dates back in Chinese writings to 2800 B.C. Cinnamon contains 0.5 to 1 percent essential oil, the principal component of which is cinnamic aldehyde. Ixobrychus cinnamomeus. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. This is the most important caddisfly family for anglers. In processing, the shoots are first scraped with a semicircular blade and then rubbed with a brass rod to loosen the bark, which is split with a knife and peeled. Cinnamon leaf oil, which we sell, has a warm, spicy musky smell and the oil's color varies from yellow for the leaf oil and red-brown for the bark oil, which is not usually used in aromatherapy. Senburi is a Japanese member of the gentian family, and like the rest of the family, is a bitter tonic. 1 Introduction. In Japan it is used to stimulate digestion and general vitality. In Egypt it was sought for embalming and religious practices. Hydropsyche is the best-known and most important genus in the family but Cheumatopsyche has some significant hatches as well. Cinnamomum tamala, Indian bay leaf, also known as tezpat, tezapatta, Malabar leaf, Indian bark, Indian cassia, or malabathrum, is a tree in the family Lauraceae that is native to India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and China. The most Cinamon families were found in the USA in 1880. Family: Lauraceae. Cassia is frequently sold as a type of cinnamon, but is actually a member of the pea family. Genus: Ixobrychus. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Description Cinnamon is an aromatic spice that comes from the bark of a Southeast Asian tree. The inner bark of the branches is loosened by being rubbed with a brass rod, then split with a brass or stainless steel knife, and then peeled off, as intact as possible. and is still known as kwai in the Cantonese language today. Cinnamomum zeylanicumis the scientific name, which refers to the specific species of tree that cinnamon is harvested from. Cinnamon is used to flavour a variety of foods, from confections to curries to beverages, and is popular in bakery goods in many places. The clan also branched to what is now Kinmouth in Banff, and to Kinmont in Annandale, whence they became associated with the Armstrongs of the Debateable Land. The fruit is a dark drupe. Individuals vary greatly in their olfactory sensitivity and in their chemosensory and cultural backgrounds, with the result that the use of additional flavours in foods is highly idiosyncratic. Due to its antimicrobial properties, cinnamon has lent a hand to millions of people all … Nevertheless, flavour additives provide many people with pleasurable food experiences. Ceylon cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum), grown primarily in Sri Lanka, is known as “true” cinnamon.Cassia cinnamon (Cinnamomum aromaticum), grown in southeastern Asia, is the most common type sold in North America.Used as a spice for thousands of years, cinnamon comes from the bark of various species of cinnamon trees. These quills are then dried over several days, in the shade, then in darkness. It can grow up to 20 m (66 ft) tall. The outer bark is removed, and made into mulch. This was 100% of all the recorded Cinamon's in the USA. Cinnamon is the name for a dozen of species of trees and the commercial spice products that some of them produce, belonging to the genus Cinnamomum in the family Lauraceae. The bark is peeled and dried and is often ground into powder, but is also used … The thick simple leaves have smooth margins and are usually oval; the veins are roughly parallel to each other. Binomial name. Cinnamon was once more valuable than gold. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Updates? Plant part used: Dried fruit & Seed. There are hundreds of types of Cinnamon with only four them being used for commercial purposes. The Cinamon family name was found in the USA, and the UK between 1840 and 1920. Twigs, leaves & berries (seeds) are crushed and make cinnamon oil, a less valuable byproduct. Scientific Name: Swertia Japonica. In…. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Use it like you would traditional cinnamon. In this article, learn about what the research says and get some tips on using cinnamon. History Cinnamon was one of the first trade spices of the ancient world. They are consumed as cooked starchy vegetables. Cinnamomum verum,[2] called true cinnamon tree or Ceylon cinnamon tree, is a small evergreen tree belonging to the family Lauraceae, native to Sri Lanka. [4], The old botanical synonym for the tree, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, is derived from Sri Lanka's former name, Ceylon. Cinnamon is separated into two main categories: cassia cinnamon and Ceylon cinnamon. Cinnamon Scientific Name: Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Cinnamon: Facts about the Cinnamon Tree Species. Botanical Name: Cuminum Cyminum L. Family: Apiaceae . Young leaves are red and mature to a deep green. In many cases, the cinnamon spice purchased in food stores contains a combination of these different types of cinnamon. Leaves and flower clusters of a cinnamon tree (. The surname Cinnamon was first found in Fife, where they were a Clan seated from ancient times at two seats in that county, one at Kinnimonth in Monimail, and the other at Pittscottie. A very important ingredient of curry and curry powder. Traditionally, the bark or oil has been used to combat microorganisms, diarrhea, and other GI disorders, and dysmenorrhea, although there is limited data to support these uses. They are first harvested at 3 years old, and continue producing well for 40-50 years. Etymology : The name of the genus Cinnamomum comes from the Greek “Kinnamomon”. Possibly because of the soil conditions. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). After four or five days of drying, the quills are rolled on a board to tighten the filling and then placed in subdued sunlight for further drying. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Overview of cinnamon, with a focus on its production in Sri Lanka. Uses: Digestive, circulation, blood deficiencies, fever, pain killer, infection fighter. Fact Sheet 1 Fact Sheet 2 Chapter from “Thirty Plants That Can Save Your Life” Fact Sheet 1. They are extremely abundant in trout streams and their life cycle specifics make them very vulnerable to trout. Cinnamon is native to Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), the neighbouring Malabar Coast of India, and Myanmar (Burma) and is also cultivated in South America and the West Indies. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Canela. Its botanical name derives from the Hebraic and Arabic term amomon, meaning fragrant spice plant.Ancient Egyptians used cinnamon in their embalming process. Scientific name: (Cinnamomum verum = Cinnamomum zeylanicum). NOW 50% OFF! You can see how Cinamon families moved over time by selecting different census years. Cinnamon is a popular spice in the United States and Europe, and it may have health benefits. In 1840 there was 1 Cinamon family living in New York. [7], There are several different cultivars of Cinnamomum verum based on the taste of bark:[8]. The leaves are ovate-oblong in shape and 7–18 cm (3–7 inches) long. A.T. Mbaveng, V. Kuete, in Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017. Resources. Cinnamon (Cinnamonum zeylanicum Blume) is the “true cinnamon” of commerce. The grower harvests the main crop in the wet season, cutting the shoots close to the ground. Latin name: Cassia senna or Cinnamonum cassia The scientific name of Cinnamon is the botanical name or formal name. Species: I. cinnamomeus. There are many types of cinnamon. Cinnamon, (Cinnamomum verum), also called Ceylon cinnamon, bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) and the spice derived from its bark. …production, and the taste of cinnamon increases peristalsis in the gut. In medieval Europe it was used for religious rites and as a flavouring. Finally, they are bleached with sulfur dioxide and sorted into grades. Cinnamon is used mainly as an aromatic condiment and flavouring additive in a wide variety of cuisines, sweet and savoury dishes, breakfast cereals, snackfoods, tea and traditional foods. Yam, any of several plant species of the genus Dioscorea, grown for their edible tubers. Long, full 'quills' of cinnamon are more valuable than broken pieces. Information on cinnamon trees. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! It is carminative, stimulant and is used in medicines as well. Cinnamon and Cassia are the two oldest known spices of the genus Cinnamonum used by mankind and are the only commercially important ones. Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum. In 1840 there was 1 Cinnamon family living in New York. Cinnamon is native to Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), the neighbouring Malabar Coast of India , and Myanmar (Burma) and is … Cinnamon Origin and History . The fruit is a purple 1-cm drupe containing a single seed. The Cinnamon family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. All this work is done by hand by experienced workers; this is the most expensive part of producing cinnamon spice. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The cinnamon tree grows in moist well-drained soils and rarely reaches more than 15 metres (49 feet) in height. Family Name: Lauraceae. Finally, the dried bark is cut into sticks or ground into powder for sale to consumers. Cinnamomum zeylanicumis a small, tropical, evergreen tree most noted for its bark, which provides the world with the commonly known spice, cinnamon. Laurus cinnamomum L. Cinnamomum verum, called true cinnamon tree or Ceylon cinnamon tree, is a small evergreen tree belonging to the family Lauraceae, native to Sri Lanka. Fruit. The most Cinnamon families were found in the USA in 1880. Cinnamomum verum trees are 10–15 metres (30–50 feet) tall. The flowers, which are arranged in panicles, have a greenish color and a distinct odor. ( Gmelin, 1789) The cinnamon bittern or chestnut bittern ( Ixobrychus cinnamomeus) is a small Old World bittern, breeding in tropical and subtropical Asia from India east to China and Indonesia. Cinnamomum aromaticum(Chinese Cinnamon, Cassia, False Cinnamon, Bastard Cinnamon, Cassia Lignea, Cassia Bark, Cassia aromaticum, Canton Cassia) Part Used: Bark. Cinnamon quality can vary depending on soil conditions. Bird’s Eye (Chilli) Capsicum Frute sence L. Solanaceae. Bark, powder and dried flowers from Cinnamomum verum plant, Pani Kurundu (පැණි කුරුඳු), Pat Kurundu (පත් කුරුඳු), Mapat Kurundu (මාපත් කුරුඳු), Ten Lavangapattai (தேன் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Karamana lavangapattai (காரமான இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Taramana Lavangapattai (தரமான இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Juci Milakay Lavangapattai (ஜூசி மிளகாய் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Vettappattatu Lavangapattai (வெட்டப்பட்டது இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Manyal Nira Lavangapattai (மஞ்சள் நிற இலவங்கப்பட்டை, Piris Lavangapattai (பீரிஸ் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), "Cinnamomum verum J.Presl — The Plant List", Cinnamomum verum Cinnamon, Ceylon Cinnamon Tree PFAF Plant Database, "True cinnamon is pricey, but is there an honest difference? It is believed that it is derived from cina , referring to China, which is where cinnamon was formerly imported; and amomos, which means cardamom , a plant of the ginger family, with a cinnamon-like odor. 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